The TRS‑80 Model 4D
The TRS‑80 Model 4D (catalog number 26-1070) was Radio Shack’s final entry in the line of TRS‑80 computers that began in 1977 with the Model I. Many people (myself included) consider it to be the best TRS‑80 and one of the finest 8-bit computers ever produced.
Introduced in late 1985 at a price of $1199.00, the Model 4D was completely compatible with the Model 4 that it replaced and the wide range of Model 4 and Model III hardware and software. Unlike previous TRS‑80 computers, the Model 4D was branded by Tandy (the parent company of Radio Shack) rather than Radio Shack itself. The full name was the “Tandy TRS‑80 Model 4D Microcomputer System.” Also unlike previous models, there was no cassette version of the Model 4D and it doesn’t appear that it was ever sold outside of the United States and Canada.
Two page Model 4D advertisement from 80 Micro
The Model 4D differed from the original Model 4 in several areas:
- It had two double-sided floppy drives rather than the single-sided drives in the Model 4.
- It used a very pleasant green phosphor screen instead of the white phosphor screen used by the Model 4.
- The name Radio Shack was replaced by Tandy in the nameplate.
- The internal electronics were simplified compared to the original Model 4.
- The keyboard was also slightly different, with a backspace key on the right side.
- The RS-232 connector was repositioned to face outward rather than downward.
- The integrated software package DeskMate was included. Also, the operating system was updated to TRSDOS 6.2.1 (and LS‑DOS 6.3 much later).
However, not all of these changes were unique to the Model 4D; some of them (such as the keyboard and green screen) were present in later Model 4’s.
Although early press announcements stated that the Model 4D would come with 128K of memory, this proved not to be true.
DeskMate, an integrated software package developed by Radio Shack, was included with the Model 4D. Although the MS-DOS version of DeskMate was the first and best known, Radio Shack also created versions for most of their computers. DeskMate for the Model 4 was also available for sale separately (catalog number 26-1608) for $199.95 (later $99.95).
Radio Shack marketing presented Model 4 DeskMate as the biggest selling point for the Model 4D. In fact, the D in 4D stood for DeskMate, not double-sided drives as most people imagined. DeskMate contained components for word processing, spreadsheet, database, communications, calendar, and electronic mail. Perhaps because of the mature state of the TRS‑80 software market, DeskMate for the Model 4 was never very popular.
The introduction of the Model 4D came as a bit of a surprise to many observers. At the time, Radio Shack had been widely rumored to be on the verge of discontinuing the entire Model 4 line. According to Ron Stegall, Tandy senior vice president, the Model 4D was introduced partly to address those rumors. He stated in an interview with 80 Micro, “We intentionally came out the 4D including DeskMate to get rumors stopped.”
Unfortunately, the release of the Model 4D didn’t signal a new emphasis by Radio Shack on the Model 4 line. It continued to receive little to no promotion and Radio Shack made no secret of the fact that there were no plans to develop any new Model 4 software or hardware. In that same interview, Ron Stegall also stated, “Third party software for the 4 is a fact of life.” That was true but a thriving market for third party Model 4 software lasted into the late 1990’s.
The Model 4D remained in the Radio Shack catalogs until 1990. It’s not clear exactly when it was discontinued because the Model 4D remained available as a special order item after it was no longer sold in stores. Both continuing education sales (a Model 4 was required to control the Network 4 classroom networking system) and niche interest meant that sales continued longer than Radio Shack had intended. Certainly by 1994, all sales had ended and the final chapter in TRS‑80 computer history was over.